Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic, and is a fascinating city to explore. Many of Prague's historic monuments are close to the Vltava River. Since November of 1989, the people of this landlocked country have been embracing change and finding their footing as a new republic. In that year, the Velvet Revolution saw Czechoslovakia throw out 40 years of Communist rule without firing a shot. Their progress and energy are truly impressive! Cesky Krumlov is a UNESCO Heritage Village with well-preserved medieval buildings.